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Frequently Asked Questions

Labour Commissionerate

This is a Society formed for the welfare of the Unorganised Sector Workers in Pondicherry.

Factory Inspectorate

Inspector under the Indian Boilers Act and Factories Act.

Testing the boiler with steam for its maximum working pressure, i.e., opening of safety valve.

Testing the boiler with water, for a pressure of one and half times of the boiler's maximum working pressure.

To the Chief Inspector of Boilers, in writing within 24 hours.

  1. on expiry of the current certificate
  2. before commencing operation of the boiler after an accident
  3. if the boiler is transferred from any other state
  4. for any structural alteration in the boiler
Any pipe through which steam passes from a boiler to a prime mover or other user or both, if:-
  1. the pressure at which steam passes through such pipe exceeds
  2. 5 kilograms per square centimetre above atmospheric pressure or
  3. such pipe exceeds 254 millimetres in internal diameter.

A feed pipe means any pipe or connected fitting wholly or partly under pressure through which feed water passes directly to a boiler and which does not form an integral part thereof.

An Economiser means any part of the feed pipe which is wholly or partially exposed to the action of flue gases for the purpose of recovery of waste heat.

Any closed vessel exceeding 22.75 litres in capacity or heat surface of not more than 10 sqm. which is used expressly for generating steam under pressure and includes any monitoring or other fitting attached to such vessel which is wholly or partly under pressure when steam is shut off.

A first class boiler attendant can take charges of one or more boilers, the total heating surface of which does not exceed 697 sq.mts. and for second class 139.35 sq.mts and for third class 18.58 sq.mts

Details are available in the web site www[dot]pon[dot]nic[dot]in / Pondicherry Boiler Rules, 1988G.O.M.S.No.10/88 dt. 12.02.88.

On site emergency plan is required to be prepared by the occupier of MAH units and mock drill shall be conducted once in 6 months and report of the mock drill shall be forwarded to concerned authority.Off site emergency plan is required to be prepared by District Collector or DistrictEmergency Authority and conduct mock drill once in a year.

Provisions for safety reports and safety audits are as under.
Occupier has to submit safety report in schedule -8 of Factories Act 1948 to the concerned authorities (only in case of quantities
equal to or higher than or specified in schedule � 2 and 3)
safety report shall be prepared and submitted once in three years.
safety audit shall be carried out once in a year by independent person / agency.
Occupier shall submit audit report within 30 days along with comments and compliance of the comments.

Duties of the occupier who has ultimate control of the factory are hereunder.
Identify the major accident hazard
take and provide evidence that the steps taken to prevent major accidents.
provide information training to the persons working on the site.
notify the major accidents in schedule -6 and also steps taken to prevent repetition of such occurrences.
notification of sites in schedule � 7 to the concerned authorities.
obtain or develop safety data sheet in schedule � 5 in respect of hazardous chemicals.

Industrial Activity means
An operation of process carried out in an industrial installation referred to in schedule 4 involving or likely to involve one or more hazardous chemicals and includes on site storage or on site transport which is associated with that operation or process as the case may be and isolated storage means storage of hazardous chemical other than storage associated with an installation on the same site specified in schedule � 4 where that storage involves at least the quantities of that chemicals et out in schedule -2.

Hazardous Chemicals means
any chemical which satisfied any of the criteria laid down in part 1 of schedule 1 and also listed in column 2 of part II of Schedule I of CIMAH Rules.
Any chemical listed in Schedule II and III of CIMAH Rules.

Plans are to be drawn to a metric scale by a qualified engineer / draftsman,duly signed by him and also by the applicant showing
Detailed building plan, elevation and sections of the proposed factory sheds lay out and type of machines proposed to be installed in the particular shed with horse power, drawn to scale of 1:100 indicating correct plinth areas Note: Specify materials to be used for the construction of buildings and roofing. Site plan drawn to a scale of 1:400 or 1:800 or 1:1200 showing length and breadth of the site, and also location of the road, which gives direct access to the site, indicating the width of the road. The site plan should indicate front, rear and side set-backs clearly along with extent of a site purchased for establishing the industry. Standards norms for the building and installation of machinery;

Minimum height of the building in which the machinery / equipment is to be installed should not be less 3.66 meters in case of A.C. sheet roofing upto the rod level and 3.05 meters in case of RCC roofing.
There should bea clear moving space of 0.9 m (3 feet) from machine to machine to wall. Ridge roof ventilator with an opening of 0.9 mtrs (3 feet) widt hand 0.6 m (2 feet) height shall be provided over the roofing of all the work halls. In case of north light glazing an air gap ofat least 0.3 m (1 foot) should be provided between the top of glazingand the roof sheeting. Also the north light glazing should invariable face north.

The building should have masonry walls. If A.C. sheet or metal sheets are used as claddingthey should be fixed in the form of louvres, vertical cladding is not permissible.
Size of doors and windows should not be less than 1.2 X 2.1 mts (4' X 7') and 0.9x 1.5 mts (3' X 5') respectively. Ventilators should be 0.9 x 0.45mts (3' X 1 �'). The doors and windows should be so spaced that they should not be located at a distance of more than 3mts. (10feet) from centre to centre. Opening should be at least 15% of floor area.

A minimum of two exits shall be provided to each of the manufacturing buildings.In the case of manufacturing buildings, godowns / stores good number of exits should be provided in such a manner to ensure that in case of emergency a person need not travel a distance of more than 30mts to get out of the building.

Every factory shall be constructed with pucca masonry walls of bricks, stone or other suitable material. The roofing materials used shall be of non heat radiating and fire resistant type. Any other special requirements in respect of building specific to the manufacturing process should be implemented.

Mechanical exhaustarrangements, dust collection systems etc., should be provided wherever necessary.

The entrepreneursshould specifically note, while drawing up factory building plans,the following welfare facilities to be provided invariably in thefactory.

  1. If number of women workers are more than 30, provision for cr�che for children of women workers.
  2. If workers are more than 150, provision for resting shed and lunch room.
  3. If workers are more than 250, provision for a canteen.
  4. If workers are more than 500, provision for ambulance room.

If the unit is a hazardous industry attracting provisions of Manufacturing, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989, the details of hazardous processes, the maximum quantity of chemicals stored in the premises and data sheets of all chemicals, safety report and onsite emergency plans shall be enclosed to the application along with a "NoObjection" certificate from the Pondicherry Pollution ControlCommittee.

Clearance from theExplosives Authorities is necessary wherever materials attracting the provisions of Explosives Act are handled processed.

The following are the statutes administered by this Inspectorate:-
  1. The Factories Act, 1948.
  2. The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986
  3. The Payment of Wages Act, 1936
  4. The Pondicherry Industrial Establishments (National and Festival Holidays) Act, 1964.
  5. The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
  6. The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
  7. The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972
  8. Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules 1989
  9. Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Response ) Rules 1996
  10. Control on Industrial Major Accident Hazards Rules, 1992.
The following operations when carried on in any factory are declared to be dangerous manufacturing process or operations under Rule 105 of PondicherryFactory Rules 1964:-
  1. Manufacture of aerated water and process incidental thereto.
  2. Electrolytic plating or oxidation of metal article by use of an electrolyte containing chromic acid or other chromium compounds.
  3. Manufacture and repaid of electric accumulators.
  4. Glass manufacture.
  5. Grinding or glazing of metals and processes incidental thereto.
  6. Manufacture and treatment of lead and certain compounds of lead.
  7. Generation of Gas from dangerous petroleum.
  8. Cleaning or smoothing, roughening etc., of articles, by a jet of sand, metal shot, or grit or other abrasive propelled by blast of compressed air or steam.
  9. Liming and tanning of rawhides and skins and process incidental thereto.
  10. Cellulose spraying.
  11. Graphite powdering and processes incidental thereto.
  12. Certain lead process carried on in printing presses and type foundries.
  13. Cashew nut processing.
  14. Dyeing, stencilling and painting of mats, matting and carpets in coir and fibre factories.
  15. Handling and manipulation of corrosive substances.
  16. Pottery and ceramic industry.
  17. Handling and processing of asbestos, manufacture of any article of asbestos and other process of manufacture or otherwise in which asbestosis used in any form.
  18. Chemical Works.
  19. Manufacture or manipulation of carcinogenic dyes intermediates.
  20. Process of extracting oils and fats from vegetable and animal sources in solvent extraction plants.
  21. Manufacture or manipulation of benzene.
  22. Carbon disulfide Plant.
  23. Manipulation of stone or any other material containing free silica.
  24. Highly flammable liquids and flammable compressed gases.
  25. Manufacture or manipulation of dangerous pesticides.
  26. Operations in foundries.
  27. Operations involving high noise levels.
  28. Manufacture or manipulation of manganese and its compounds.

The following machinery as per Rule 56 are considered as dangerous machines

  1. Power Press other than Hydraulic Presses.
  2. Milling machines used in metal trades
  3. Circular saws
  4. Platen Printing presses.
  5. Guillotine printing machines
  6. Decorticator
  7. Oil-expeller

The lists of the factories involving hazardous process are as follows:-

  1. Ferrous Metallurgical Industries.
    - Integrated Iron and Steel
    - Ferro Alloys
    - Special Steels
  2. Non-ferrous Metallurgical Industries
    - Primary Metallurgical Industries, namely, size, lead, copper, manganese and aluminium
  3. Foundries (Ferrous and Non-ferrous)
    - Castings and forgings including cleaning or smoothening / roughening by sand and short blasting
  4. Coal (including coke) industries
    - Coal Lignite, coke, etc.
    - Fuel Gases (Including Coal Gas, Producer Gas, Water Gas)
  5. Power Generating Industries
  6. Pulp and paper (including paper products) industries
  7. Fertilizer Industries.
    - Nitrogenous
    - Phosphatic
    - Mixed
  8. Cement Industries
    - Portland Cement ( including slag cement, puzzolona cement and their products)
  9. Petroleum Industries
    - Oil Refining
    - Lubricating Oils and Greases
  10. Petro-Chemical Industries
  11. Drugs and Pharmaceutical Industries,
    - Narcotics, Drugs and Pharmaceuticals
  12. Fermentation Industries (Distilleries and Breweries)
  13. Rubber (Synthetic Industries)
  14. Paints and Pigment Industries
  15. Leather Tanning Industries
  16. Electro-plating Industries
  17. Chemical Industries
    - Coke Oven By-products and Coal tar distillation products
    - Industrial Gases (nitrogen, oxygen, acetylene, argon, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, sulphur dioxide, nitrous oxide halogenated hydrocarbon, ozone, etc.
    - Industrial Carbon
    - Alkalies and Acids
    - Chromates and dichromates
    - Leads and its compounds
    - Electrochemicals (metallic sodium, potassium and magnesium, chlorates, per chlorates and peroxides)
    - Electro thermal produces (artificial abrasive, calcium carbide)
    - Nitrogenous Compounds (cyanides, cyanamides, and other nitrogenous compounds)
    - Phosphorous and its compounds
    - Halogens and Halogenated compounds (Chlorine, Fluorine, Bromine and Iodine)
    - Explosives (including industrial explosives and detonators and fuses)
  18. Insecticides, Fungicides, Herbicides and other Pesticides Industries
  19. Synthetic Resin and Plastics
  20. Man-made Fiber (Cellulosic and non-cellulosic ) industry
  21. Manufacture and repair of electrical accumulators
  22. Glass and Ceramics
  23. Grinding or glazing of metals
  24. Manufacture, handling and processing of asbestos and its products
  25. Extraction of oils and fats from vegetables and animal sources
  26. Manufacture, handling and use of benzene and substances containing benzene
  27. Manufacturing process and operations involving carbon disulphide
  28. Dyes and Dyestuff including their intermediates
  29. Highly flammable liquids and gases.

Following are the obligation of a workers in a Factory:-
No worker in the factory

  1. shall willfully interfere with or misuse any appliance, convenience or other thing provided in a factory for the purposes of securing the health, safety or welfare of the workers therein:
  2. shall willfully and without reasonable cause do anything likely to endanger himself or others; and
  3. shall willfully neglect to make use of any appliances or other thing provided in the factory for the purposes of securing the health or safety of the workers therein.
  1. Every occupier shall ensure, so far as is reasonable practicable, the health, safety and welfare of all workers while they are at work in the work in the factory.
  2. Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of sub section (1), the matters to which such duty extends, shall include:-
    1. the provision and maintenance of plant and systems of work in the factory that are safe and without risks to health;
    2. the arrangements in the factory for ensuring safety and absence of risks to health in connection with the use, handling, storage and transport of articles and substances;
    3. the provision of such information, instruction, training and supervision as are necessary to ensure the health and safety of all workers at work;
    4. the maintenance of all places of work in the factory in a condition that is safe and without risks to health and the provision and maintenance of such means of access to, and egress from, such places as are safe and without such risks.
    5. the provision, maintenance or monitoring of such working environment in the factory for the workers that is safe, without risks to health and adequate as regards facilities and arrangements for their welfare at work.
  3. Except in such cases as may be prescribed, every occupier shall prepare, and as often as may be appropriate, revise, a written statement of his general policy with respect to the health and safety of the workers at work and the organisation and arrangements for the time being in force for carrying out that policy, and to bring the statement and any revision thereof to the notice of all the workers in such manner at may be prescribed.
  1. Notice of Period of Work for adult worker � Form 11
  2. Abstract of the Factories Act, 1948.
  3. Cautionary Notice (For Chemicals)
  4. name and addresses of Factory Inspector in charge with phone numbers.
  5. List of Weekly Holidays.
  6. Abstract of the Payment of Wages Act, 1923
  7. Abstract of the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961.
  8. Size of room and number of persons employed thereon.
  9. Form V � National and Festival Holidays

Core Return inForm A is to be submitted on or before 15th February.

  1. Annual return Form 19 to be submitted on or before 31st January.
  2. Annual return � Leave with wages Form 21 to be submitted on or before 31st January
  3. Annual return � Compensatory Holidays Form 22 to be submitted on or before 31st January
  4. Annual Return � Canteen Form 29 to be submitted on or before 31st January
  5. Annual Return � Cr�che Form 30 to be submitted on or before 31st January
  6. Annual Return � Shelters, Restrooms and lunch rooms Form 31 to be submitted on or before 31st January
  7. Annual Return � Accidents Form 32 to be submitted on or before 31st January
  8. Half-Yearly Return � Form 20 to be submitted on or before 31st July.
An application shall be made in Form No. 1-C which shall be accompanied by the following documents
  1. flow chart of the manufacturing process supplemented by a brief description of the process in its various stages
  2. plans in triplicate drawn to the scale (1:100) showing
    1. the site of the factory and immediate surroundings including adjacent buildings and other structures, roads, drains etc.,
    2. the plan elevation and necessary cross-section of the various buildings, indicating all relevant details relating to natural lighting, ventilation and means of escape in case of fire. The plans shall also clearly indicate the position of the plant and machinery, aisles and passage ways
    3. for chemical factories material safety data sheet (M.S.D.S.) of all the chemical used
    4. provisions for the safe disposal of the solid, liquid and gaseous waste arising out of the processes carried out in premises.
    5. permission letter from the local authorities and NOC wherever it is necessary.
    6. copy of provisional registration from Industries Department.
    7. Registered lease / sale deed for the premises.
    8. detail of the constitution of the firm i.e., partnership deed in case of partnership, memorandum and article of association in case of limited or private limited firm and copy of office bearer and constitution in case of co-operative sector.
    9. NOC from other partners / directors nominating the occupier.


Where a woman suffers illness arising out of her pregnancy, miscarriage, premature birth of a child or delivery, she shall be allowed in addition to above leave with wages for maximum one month.

  1. No woman shall work in any establishment during the 6 weeks immediately following the day of delivery or miscarriage.
  2. No employer shall knowingly employ a woman in any establishment during 6 weeks immediately following the day of her delivery or miscarriage.

Maternity benefits is payable in advance for 6 weeks by the employer on production of the proof that woman is pregnant and other 6 weeks payment shall be made within 48 hours on production of the proof that the woman has delivered a child. On death of woman, it will be paid to her nominee. If woman dies during the period that the maternity benefit shall be paid only for day upto and including the day of death.If child survives, than the benefit for the period for 6 weeks shall be paid. If child also dies during the said period, than the benefits upto and including the day of death of child shall be paid to nominee.

She should have actually worked in the establishment in a period not less than 160 days in the preceding 12 months and not covered under E.S.I.C.

After returning on duty the woman shall be allowed for two breaks each of 15 minutes duration for nursing the child on and above the regular interval until the child attains the age of 15 months.

Maternity benefits to the pregnant woman are as under
  1. leave for 6 weeks before and 6 weeks after the date of delivery or miscarriage.
  2. medical bonus

Payment Of Wages Act And Rules

Before 7th of the subsequent month where less than 1000 employees are employed and before 10th where more than 1000 employees are employed.

  1. An inspector appointed under Section 8(1) of the Factories Act.
  2. All Labour Officers and Assistant Inspector of Labour.
  1. Fines
  2. Absence from duty
  3. Damage to or loss of goods loss of money by the employed person.
  4. House accommodation.
  5. amenities or service supplied by the employer.
  6. recovery of advances or over payment of wages, recovery of loans, house building loans and the interest due in respect thereof.
  7. income tax payable by the employed person
  8. deduction required to be made by order of court or competent authority.
    1. provident fund with written authorization of employed person, President / Secretary of registered trade union of which the employed person is member.
    2. national defence fund and defence saving scheme approved by state government.
  9. payment to co-operative societies or schemes of insurance maintained by the Indian Post office.
  10. with the written authorization of the employed person
    1. premium of his LIC policy.
    2. contribution to fund constituted by the employer or a registered trade union for welfare scheme of his family.
    3. fees payable for the membership of any registered trade union.
  11. insurance premium on Fidelity Guarantee Bonds.
  12. Losses sustained by railway administration on account of acceptance by the employed person of counterfeit of base coins or forged currency notes.
  13. losses sustained by a railway administration on account of the failure of the employed person to invoice, to bill, to collect the appropriate charges like, freight, damage, whartage and carnage or in respect of sale of food in catering establishments , or sale of commodities in grain
  14. losses sustained by a railway administration on account of any rebates or refunds
  15. Written authorization of the employed person for contribution to a Prime Minister's National Relief Fund of such other fund, notified by the Central Government.

All remuneration by way of salary and allowances in terms of money to a person employed in respect of his work done during employment which includes

Payment Of Wages Act And Rules

Wages payable to employed person shall not exceed rupees six thousand five hundred a month.

Employment Exchange

Your name will be sponsored according to the seniority of your registration and qualification required by the Employer as and when vacancies are notified to the Employment Exchange.

Sometimes the age limit prescribed by the Government may be relaxed by the employer for certain recruitment / job when a candidate was not sponsored even once.

If the registrant fail to renew the Employment Identity Card within the stipulated time, the cancellation certificate will be issued at the request of the registrant, when he want to register his name with the EmploymentExchange of some other states.

The OBC Certificate is valid for one year from the date of issue and the SC/ST Certificate is valid for three years from the date of issue.

A registrant has to renew registration on the month due (once in every three years). In case of failure to renew, Government has permitted a grace period of 17 months. If the candidate fails to renew the card within the stipulated time, the Employment Card will automatically lapse. Renewal can also be done through postal services.

Minimum age for fresh registration is 14 years.

The over aged candidates not even sponsored once may be sponsored by the EmploymentExchange for the vacancies notified by a Government Department.The concerned Department may obtain age relaxation in such case.

Candidate should submit an application giving new residential address and the name of the Employment Exchange where the registration is to be transferred along with the proof of the residence (5 Years residence in the state) namely ration card.

Dhobi, Cook,Gardner, Nursing Attendant, Animal Attendant etc.

General 18 to 32 years
OBC 18 to 35 years
SC-ST 18 to 37 Years.
PH � 18 to 42 Years.
MSM � 18 to 37 years
Widow - 18 to 37 Years.

Anyone above 14 years of age and residing within the jurisdiction of Union Territory of Puducherry is eligible for registering their names in the EmploymentExchange. They should produce all the original certificates of educational qualifications and proof of residence issued by the relevant authorities of Revenue Department or Ration Card.

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